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How to Post Data From React to Flask


Originally posted on Dev blog.

In our previous article on connecting a React frontend to a Flask backend, we saw how to fetch data from Flask API and then displaying it on the browser, in this continuation article we'll explore how to send data to a Flask backend from React, then update the UI with the new data.

Check my GitHub for the complete codes used in this guide.

Part 1

Configuring the Flask backend.


Before we continue. Let's alter our Flask to accept input from the React frontend, then commit the database. We'll add the following lines of code to our file.

@app.route("/add", methods=["POST"], strict_slashes=False)
def add_articles():
	title = request.json['title']
	body = request.json['body']

	article = Articles(


	return article_schema.jsonify(article)

The function above basically gets an article title and description in json format, adds the record to the database, and then commits, i.e. saves.

Part 2

Configuring the React frontend.

In contrast to the last tutorial, we will make some changes to our project by introducing a Components directory. Then we'll add some new files, one to manage our API services and another to display a form to the UI, as well as to handle our interaction with the APIService, which provides our data to Flask.

2. Components/APIService.js

export default class APIService{
	// Insert an article
	static InsertArticle(body){
		return fetch(`http://localhost:5000/add`,{
      		 headers : {
	.then(response => response.json())
	.catch(error => console.log(error))


To better organize our files and increase efficiency, we conduct all of the Flask API services in a single file and then call the methods as needed.

The code above requests our Flask routes, which handle data insertion, and then posts our JSON-stringified article title and description. Flask takes care of the rest under the hood.

3. Components/Form.js

import { useState } from 'react';
import APIService from '../Components/APIService'

Because we'll require the React useState hook and the APIService component, we make them available as seen above.

const Form = (props) => {
    const [title, setTitle] = useState('')
    const [body, setBody] = useState('')

    const insertArticle = () =>{
      .then((response) => props.insertedArticle(response))
      .catch(error => console.log('error',error))

    const handleSubmit=(event)=>{

  return (
       // Form

export default Form;

In the above functional component we just created, we do define two sets of variables, the title and the article body, both are subjected to the useState hook that returns the current states(title and body) and a function that updates them (setTitle and setBody).

We then invoke the APIService.InsertArticle() method.This call takes our article object - from the form submitted by the user, as an argument. The response is then sent as a parameter to a function insertedArticle that we are yet to create in the later steps inside App.js.

A Parameter is variable in the declaration of function while an argument is the actual value of this variable that gets passed to function.- Stackoverflow

In the handleSubmit function, we call insertArticle and then clear the form fields after submission.

The return statement of the Form component delivers our actual HTML form, as illustrated below.

        <form onSubmit = {handleSubmit} >

          <label htmlFor="title" className="form-label">Title</label>
          placeholder ="Enter title"

          <label htmlFor="body" className="form-label">Body</label>
          placeholder ="Enter body"

          className="btn btn-primary mt-2"
          Publish article</button>


3. App.js

As we near completion, we need to show the Form component on the UI. We'll import it then display it on the UI as shown in the steps below.

// import the component
import Form from './Components/Form'

Previously, we passed the response from our APIService. InsertArticle() as a parameter, it's then received on this end. Using the spread operator we will combine the newly created article with the available articles. The update is initiated using the setArticles method and the result is a list of updated articles.

  // update the existing article list
  const insertedArticle = (article) =>{
    const new_articles = [...articles,article]

We now have our form ready to display on the UI. We can make it visible by calling the Form Component while passing to it the the data as props like this.

      <Form insertedArticle={insertedArticle} />

Also, keeping the form visible all the time isn't ideal, so we made it a toggle button.

  // define variables for the present state of the form and another to change its state
  const [showForm, setShowForm] = useState(false);
 // toggle between the two states,visible and hidden
  const toggleShowForm = () => {
// Trigger the hide/show method
  className="btn btn-primary"
  Write an article
  <i className="bi bi-pencil-square m-2"></i>
 // display the form conditionally
  {showForm && (

Project preview Project preview

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Inspired by Parwiz Forogh